Operational Medicine Medical Education and Training

The Genitourinary System I

CORRESPONDENCE COURSE

U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL

SUBCOURSE MD0579 EDITION 100

THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM I

Today, more than 8 million Americans are affected by renal-related diseases. This fact suggests that you will probably deal with renal patients often. Add to this the complex human reproductive system by which a single cell duplicates its genetic material, allowing an organism to grow and repair itself.

To give patients with problems in either or both systems the best possible care, you need to know normal anatomy and physiology of the systems, specific disorders in each system, assessment methods, and treatments.

Regardless of the cause or the duration of the problem, it is important for you as a combat medical specialist to be able to recognize and treat/refer for treatment any individual with genitourinary system difficulties.

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Length: 90 Pages

Estimated Hours to Complete: 6

Format: PDF file

Size: 0.6 MB

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Anyone may take this course. However, to receive credit hours, you must be officially enrolled and complete an examination furnished by the Nonresident Instruction Branch at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Enrollment is normally limited to Department of Defense personnel. Others may apply for enrollment, but acceptance is not guaranteed.
 

 

The Genitourinary System I

Distance Learning Course
90 Pages
Est. 6 Hours
0.6 MB pdf file

Download Now

 

 

 


 

Organs of the male urinary system

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION

1 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

Exercises

2 PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

Exercises

3 URINARY SYSTEM DISEASES/DISORDERS

Section I Urinary Tract Infections

Section II Kidney Diseases and Disorders

Section III Management of Kidney Diseases

Section IV Disorders of the Ureters

Section V Disorders Involving the Bladder

Section VI Disorders of the Urethra

Section VII Injuries to Organs of the Genitourinary System

Section VIII Drug Therapy for Genitourinary Disease/Disorders

Section IX The Effects of Aging

Exercises

4 URINARY CATHETERIZATION

Exercises

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LESSON 1

ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE GENITOURINARY SYSTEM

1-1. INTRODUCTION

The term "genitourinary" actually refers to two different systems. Urinary refers to the system responsible for removal of nitrogenous waste products of metabolism from the bloodstream, disposal of concentrated wastes (urine), and also water conservation. Genito refers to the genital organs and the reproductive system, which is responsible for production of succeeding generations for perpetuation of the species.

1-2. URINARY SYSTEM

The urinary system's primary function is to help keep the body in homeostasis (internal environment of the body remains relatively the same, within limits) by controlling the composition and volume of blood. The urinary system does this by removing and restoring selected amounts of water and solutes. The urinary system is made up of two kidneys, two ureters, one urinary bladder, and one urethra. Each kidney, the primary organs of this system, excretes urine through a ureter. The urine is stored in the urinary bladder and finally expelled from the body through the urethra. See figures 1-1 and 1-2 for organs of the urinary system

NOTE: Other systems also have a part in waste elimination from the body. These

systems are the respiratory, integumentary, and digestive systems

1-3. KIDNEYS

The two kidneys are reddish, bean-shaped organs. They are located on the posterior wall of the abdominal cavity between the level of the twelfth thoracic vertebra (T-12) and the third lumbar vertebra (L3). Think of these organs as being just above the waist. The term for their location is retroperitoneal, which means that they are external to the peritoneal lining of the abdominal cavity. These organs are about 11 to 12 centimeters long and 5 to 6 centimeters wide. Since the liver occupies a large space on the right side of the abdominal cavity, the right kidney is slightly lower than the left kidney. The kidneys are held in place by fat. See figure 1-3.

From The Genitourinary System I

The Genitourinary System I

Distance Learning Course
90 Pages
Est. 6 Hours
0.6 MB pdf file

Download Now

 

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