Operational Medicine Medical Education and Training

Basic Human Anatomy

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CORRESPONDENCE COURSE

U.S. ARMY MEDICAL DEPARTMENT CENTER AND SCHOOL

SUBCOURSE MD0006 EDITION 100

BASIC HUMAN ANATOMY

In this subcourse, you will study basic human anatomy. Anatomy is the study of body structure. Physiology is the study of body functions. Anatomy and physiology are two subject matter areas that are vitally important to most medical MOSs.

Do your best to achieve the objectives of this subcourse. As a result, you will be better able to perform your job or medical MOS.

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Length: 255 Pages

Estimated Hours to Complete: 26

Format: PDF file

Size: 2.4 MB

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Anyone may take this course. However, to receive credit hours, you must be officially enrolled and complete an examination furnished by the Nonresident Instruction Branch at Fort Sam Houston, Texas. Enrollment is normally limited to Department of Defense personnel. Others may apply for enrollment, but acceptance is not guaranteed.

 

Basic Human Anatomy

Distance Learning Course
255 Pages
Est. 26 Hours
2.4 MB pdf file

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5-Minute Internal Female Anatomy Video

Using 3-dimensional models and surgical video, the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, bladder, ureters, and supporting ligaments are shown.

Bony anatomy is also illustrated, demonstrating instability of the sacroiliac joints and symphysis pubis.

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External Human Anatomy, Front and Back

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1 INTRODUCTION TO BASIC HUMAN ANATOMY

I. General

II. Anatomical Terminology

III. Cells

Exercises

2 TISSUES OF THE BODY

I. General

II. Epithelial Tissues

III. Connective Tissues

IV. Muscle Tissues

V. Nervous Tissue

Exercises

3 THE HUMAN INTEGUMENTARY AND FASCIAL SYSTEMS

I. General

II. The Human Integumentary System

III. The Fascial System of the Human Body

IV. Serous Cavities of the Human Body

Exercises

4 THE HUMAN SKELETAL SYSTEM

I. General

II. Bone As An Individual Organ

III. Arthrology--The Study of Joints (Articulations)

IV. The Human Skeleton

Exercises

5 THE HUMAN MUSCULAR SYSTEM

I. The Skeletal Muscle

II. Some Elementary Skeleto-Muscular Mechanics

Exercises

6 THE HUMAN DIGESTIVE SYSTEM

I. Introduction

II. The Supragastric Structures

III. The Stomach

IV. The Small Intestines and Associated Glands

V. The Large Intestines

VI. Associated Protective Structures

Exercises

7 THE HUMAN RESPIRATORY SYSTEM AND BREATHING

I. The Respiratory System

II. Breathing and Breathing Mechanisms in Humans

Exercises

8 THE HUMAN UROGENITAL SYSTEMS

I. The Human Urinary System

II. Introduction to Human Genital (Reproductive) Systems

III. The Human Female Genital (Reproductive) System

IV. The Human Male Genital (Reproductive) System

Exercises

9 THE HUMAN CARDIOVASCULAR AND LYMPHATIC SYSTEMS

I. Introduction

II. The Human Cardiovascular System

III. The Human Lymphatic System

Exercises

10 THE HUMAN ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

I. Introduction

II. The Pituitary Body

III. The Thyroid Gland

IV. The Parathyroid Glands

V. The Pancreatic Islets (Islands of Langerhans)

VI. The Suprarenal (Adrenal) Glands

VII. The Gonads

Exercises

11 THE HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM

I. Introduction

II. The Neuron and Its "Connections"

III. The Human Central Nervous System.

IV. The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)

V. The Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)

VI. Pathways of the Human Nervous System

VII. The Special Sense of Smell (Olfaction)

VIII. The Special Sense of Taste (Gustation)

IX. The Special Sense of Vision (Sight)

X. The Special Sense of Hearing (Auditory)

XI. The Special Sense of Equilibrium (Balance)

XII. Controls in the Human

Nervous System

Exercises

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LESSON 1

INTRODUCTION TO BASIC HUMAN ANATOMY

Section I. GENERAL

1-1. DEFINITIONS

a. Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. Often, you may be more interested in functions of the body. Functions include digestion, respiration, circulation, and reproduction. Physiology is the study of the functions of the body.

b. The body is a chemical and physical machine. As such, it is subject to certain laws. These are sometimes called natural laws. Each part of the body is engineered to do a particular job. These jobs are functions. For each job or body function, there is a particular structure engineered to do it.

c. In the laboratory, anatomy is studied by dissection (SECT = cut, DIS = apart).

1-2. BODY TYPES

No two human beings are built exactly alike, but we can group individuals into three major categories. These groups represent basic body shapes.

MORPH = body, body form

ECTO = all energy is outgoing

ENDO = all energy is stored inside

MESO = between, in the middle

ECTOMORPH = slim individual

ENDOMORPH = broad individual

MESOMORPH = body type between the two others, "muscular" type

Ectomorphs, slim persons, are more susceptible to lung infections. Endomorphs are more susceptible to heart disease.

1-3. NOTE ON TERMINOLOGY

a. Each profession and each science has its own language. Lawyers have legal terminology. Physicians and other medical professions and occupations have medical terminology. Accountants have debits, credits, and balance sheets. Physicists have quantums and quarks. Mathematicians have integrals and differentials. Mechanics have carburetors and alternators. Educators have objectives, domains, and curricula.

b. To work in a legal field, you should know the meaning of quid pro quo. To work in a medical field, you should know the meanings of terms such as proximal, distal, sagittal, femur, humerus, thorax, and cerebellum.

1-4. KINDS OF ANATOMICAL STUDIES

a. Microscopic anatomy is the study of structures that cannot be seen with the unaided eye. You need a microscope.

b. Gross anatomy by systems is the study of organ systems, such as the respiratory system or the digestive system.

c. Gross anatomy by regions considers anatomy in terms of regions such as the trunk, upper member, or lower member.

d. Neuroanatomy studies the nervous system.

e. Functional anatomy is the study of relationships between functions and structures.

1-5. ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN BODY

The human body is organized into cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and the total organism.

a. Cells are the smallest living unit of body construction.

b. A tissue is a grouping of like cells working together. Examples are muscle tissue and nervous tissue.

c. An organ is a structure composed of several different tissues performing a particular function. Examples include the lungs and the heart.

d. Organ systems are groups of organs which together perform an overall function. Examples are the respiratory system and the digestive system.

e. The total organism is the individual human being. You are a total organism.

From Basic Human Anatomy

Internal Anatomy of the Human Ear

Basic Human Anatomy

Distance Learning Course
255 Pages
Est. 26 Hours
2.4 MB pdf file

Download Now

 

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